This event have been POSTPONED.


However another session is already planned in July so we can offer you 2 options:

16-hour online training – Time zone: CET



Training duration

4 days, 4 hours per day

Course fees


EARLY BIRD (till February 26th, 2021)

Benefit from 25% of discount on the course fees if you register  before February 26, 2021:

Important remarks

This course is a reduced version of the 24-hour e-training that will be run in July by Dr. Antonio Lázaro.

In this reduced version, Dr. Antonio Lázaro will treat the Part 1 and 2. The Part 3: practice session on FPGA Programing and experimental test (2-day session) will only be treated in the full version course on July 20 & 21. 

If you register to this reduced version course and wish to participate the Part 3: practice session on FPGA Programing and experimental test in July it is possible. For that, you just have to register to the Part 3 of the Full course version HERE. Be aware that the number of seats is limited to 8 participants for this part of the e-training.

For more information on the full version of the Digital Control of Medium-high Power DC-DC Converters e-training, please visit this page.

Registration deadline

The registration will be closed by March 2, 2021.


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The main objective of the training is to provide the audience with the technical competence to design the digital control of power converters. In this case, the medium-high power DC-DC converters have been used as a case study to show the digital control techniques. However the concepts can be used, directly, in other applications such as DC-AC inverters or AC-DC PFC.
In addition to the theoretical concepts on converter topologies, dynamic modeling and analysis of the specific effects of the digital loop, the course aims to be practical and allow the participant to “learn by doing”.
In the practical sessions, the participant must program in Code C the complete control loop from the scratch.

What should you expect from the training?

This course is an introductory to advance-level course focused in the following specific objectives:

Audience description

This training course is recommended to everybody interested in the theoretical and practical design aspects of medium-high power converters and its control by means of digital control techniques. On the other hand, the course is eminently practical, therefore, the complete implementation of the control loop will be shown and experimentally verified.

Course structure

The Reduced Version Course is structured in the following blocks:

Part 1 Theoretical contents, simulation and design examples 3 days
Part 2 Online practice: design and simulation case studies 1 day


Note: every day of the course, the session will be of 4 hours.


The focus is placed on Concepts

The explanations are focused on the concepts and physical meaning. Mathematical developments are also included as reference materials in annexes.


The methodology is summarized in Fig. 1. The steps are the following:

Examples & Exercises

A large number of examples are used to show training explanations. A large number of “ready to use” C Code for the main loop blocks will be also provided (DPWM modulator, PID compensators, etc.) Exercises are proposed to be developed before the Practice Sessions. Then they will be resolved during the training.


Fig. 1: Control Design & Programming Flowchart





Antonio-Lazaro Dr. Antonio Lázaro, Professor at Carlos III University of Madrid and Technical Director at Power Smart Control S.L. 
Antonio Lázaro was born in Madrid, Spain, in 1968. He received the M. Sc. in electrical engineering from the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain, in 1995. He received the Ph. D. in Electrical Engineering from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid in 2003.
He has been an Assistant Professor of the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid since 1995. He has been involved in power electronics since 1994, participating in more than 80 research and development projects for industry. He holds 10 patents and software registrations and he has published nearly 140 papers in IEEE journals & conferences. His research interests are high-power DC-DC Converters, Power Factor Correction (PFC) Rectifiers, AC-DC inverters (railway and grid-connected applications), modeling and control of switching converters and digital control techniques.
Dr. Lazaro has originated and leaded the development of the Software SmartCtrl. He is the co-founder and technical director of Power Smart Control S.L. a spin-off company of Carlos III University of Madrid focused on the development of SmartCtrl and hardware high added-value control solutions for power electronics (SoC-FPGA control, HIL systems, real-time FPGA variable logging, automatic test-benches, etc.).




Computer and temporary PSIM and SmartCtrl licenses:

Each participant will have to bring a personal computer.

PSIM and SmartCtrl temporary licenses will be provided for the duration of the course.



9 am – 11 am (2 hours) | Section I- Non-isolated and isolated topologies revision and steady-state analysis

  1. Multi-phase synschronous buck converter (MSB)
  2. Four switches buck-boost converter (4BB)
  3. Phase-shift full bridge (PSFB)
  4. Single-phase dual active bridge (DAB)
  5. Three-phase dual active bridge (3DAB)
  6. Series resonant converter
  7. LLC converter
  8. CLLC converter

11 am – 11.15 am: Coffee break

11.15 am – 13.15 pm (2 hours) | Section II- Dynamic modeling

  1. Steady-state and transient state
  2. Average models and small-signal model techniques
  3. Special transfer functions
    • Input impedance
    • Audio-susceptibility
    • Output impedance
  4. Feedforward compensations
    • Input coltage feedforward
    • Output voltage feedforward
    • Output current feedforward
  5. Analog control loop and digital control loop
  6. Options to represent the digital loop: SSS / SSZ / ZZZ
  7. Discretion of small-signal modles
  8. Discrete modeling techniques



9.30 am – 11 am (2 hours) | Section III: Modeling examples & control reference design

  1. Multi-phase synchronous buck converter (MSB)
  2. Phase-shift full bridge (PSFB)
    • Input series – Output parallel modular converters
    • Input parallel – Output series modular converters

11 am – 11.15 am: Coffee break

11.30 am – 1.15 pm (2 hours) | Section III: Modeling examples & control reference design

  1. Single-phase dual active bridge (DAB)
  2. LLC converter
  3. Four switches Buck-Boost converter



9 am – 11 am (2 hours) | Section IV: Digital PWM modulator and sampling techniques

  1. Modular block
    • Digital sawtooth carrier waveform
    • Digital triangular carier waveform
    • PWM Modulator
    • Resolution and gain of PWM modulator
    • Dead-times
  2. Analog voltage and current sensors
    • Hall effect current sensors
    • Single ended and differential analog amplifiers (transmitters and receptors)
    • Isolated voltage amplifiers
  3. Sampling techniques
    • Introduction
    • Sampling techniques of output voltage
    • Analog and digital filters
    • Sampling techniques of inductor current. Triangular and Sawtooth carrier waveforms
    • ADC Management: clock and SPI
    • ADC Resolution and ADC gain
    • Sensor and ADC gains rescaling looking for unity gain feedback

11 am – 11.15 am: Coffee break

11.15 am – 1.15 pm (2 hours) | Section V: Simulation of a complete digital control loop

  1. Digital delay
    • Physical concept
    • Transport delay and PWM delay
    • Effect on the loop transfer function
    • Single and double update
    • Multisampling techniques
    • Effect on feedforward compensations
  2. Sampling and modulating signal update scenarios
    • Single update and double update PWM
    • Multi-sampling techniques
    • Sampling techniques of inductor current. Triangular and Sawtooth carrier waveforms
    • Oversampling and moving average filter
  3. Digital compensators
    • Digital PI and PID
    • Transfer functions and difference equation
    • Anti-windup


Day 4 – March 23, 2021 | ONLINE PRACTICE – SIMULATION

Notes for on-line practice:

9.00 pm – 11.00 pm (2 hours) | Section VI: Simulation of a complete digital control loop

Exercise 1: PSIM C-block Implementation of a complete digital control for Boost Converter

Exercise 2: Basic Simulation in open loop to check the correct operation of the different blocks

Exercise 3: AC sweep simulation of loop transfer functions

Exercise 4: Design and implementation of PID compensator. using

    • Use Kp, Ti and Td as input parameters
    • Parallel implementation must be considered
    • Design the compensator to stabilize the transfer function G1(jω) x G2(jω), using SmartCtrl equation editor for the compensator block.PSIM C block implementation of PID compensator with anti-windup function

11 am – 11.15 am: Coffee break

11.15 am – 1.15 pm (2 hours) | Section VI: Simulation of a complete digital control loop

Exercise 5: PSIM simulation of the complete circuit under step changes on input voltage and load current


Additional exercises

Exercise 6: Developing a complete theoretical model using SmartCtrl Equation Editor for the following blocks:

Exercise 7: Limit Cycles. Reduce the resolution of the DWPM to be below the bits number of the ADC. Simulate the closed loop operation of the converter.


> Register Now


General conditions for training:

Please register as early as possible if you plan to attend the training. As soon as the minimum of participants is reached, POWERSYS will confirm the course.
The registration to the course includes the lunches and coffee breaks. Participants will have to pay 100% in advance before the course.

Cancellation can be made according to POWERSYS’ General Conditions for courses:

Withdrawal from the Course:
In case you cannot attend the course after having registred, please contact us as soon as possible at
In case of cancellation three weeks OR MORE before the beginning of the course, the participants will not be charged.
In case of cancellation less than three weeks before the beginning of the course, POWERSYS will charge the participant 50% of the course fees.

Please note that POWERSYS will not reimburse any travel and/or accommodation expenditure in case of cancellation of the course. We recommend you to make your travel arrangements once the course is confirmed.

For French participants:

POWERSYS est enregistré en tant que prestataire de formation (auprès du Préfet de la Région Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur sous le numéro 93 13 13256 13). Une convention de formation peut être établie sur demande avant la date de formation.

Contact for any additional information:

Please feel free to contact us for any further information




Multiple choices possible